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Lessons to Learn from Norway's Gender Equality

In recent times, statistics emerged that there were more men named John running enormous organizations in the US than women. In fact, the US is about average in regard to the level of women in board positions which is about 19% for a country known to be leading world affairs. Japan, on the other hand, does not really do well when it comes to women holding seats on the board of big organizations. Data shows that in Japan women only hold about 3% in board seats. However, Norway has probably the best record with women holding 35.5% of the seats on Norwegian stock index organizations.

Norway's prosperity at having such a moderately high level of women on sheets is to a great extent an aftereffect of the nation's presentation of quotas. There has been a lot of discussion about whether quotas are a decent method of tackling gender disparity on sheets, yet Norway gives a genuine example of how this works. In 2003 the Norwegian government passed a law that expects organizations to have at any rate 40% of organization board individuals to be women. Set up since 2006, it specified impressive administrative measures for resistance. The underlying responses in Norway were solid and overwhelmingly unbelieving, and contentions somewhere else opposed to quotas brought up in Norway in 2006. However, presently, the quota law has generally become a non-issue in Norway.

Gender equality has a significant part to play in a nation or society if they are making progress toward genuine harmony. Genuine gender equality would incorporate equal level access to occupations, openings, or different assets for every single perceived gender. In any case, so as to accomplish this balance of the genders, a drive to evacuate partiality towards women and other sexual orientation is as yet required. While Norway is one of the better executors here, narrowing the differences considerably further is as yet required. The target of further advancement isn't only required in Norway. There is additionally a requirement for every other nation around the globe to endeavor towards equality among all genders. The Norwegian model definitely sets the pace for the rest of the world to learn from.

The 2002 discrimination Act did not only enforce laws against gender inequality but it also aimed at eradicating many other forms of discrimination that nations face. Such as discrimination against pregnant women at work, ethnicity, paid leave with regards to childbirth or child adoption, gender identity, religion, gender orientation, belief, age, and many important facts. It targets all areas of society, yet one fundamental area of emphasis is in the work environment. It requires positive advances that businesses find a way to advance sex equality and that measures are set up to avoid any cases of division.

Furthermore, work advertisements in Norway likewise have exacting rules that businesses must follow all together to stay away from inequality. Promoted positions must not determine an ideal gender for jobs. Be that as it may, consenting activity for one of the genders is permitted.

Women in Norway's monopolized gaming industry

Gambling often thought to only be suitable for men, is an industry fast-growing in Norway and women are not left out. Women are making rounds in the gambling industry not only as operators but as top execs in the field. Many women in Norway are taking advantage of the market waves and getting their money's worth in gambling. Gender equality would not fully be effective if women were not allowed the freedom to invest their money in gambling as their male counterparts would. With regard to gambling laws, some European nations give their citizens full freedom and others force extreme restrictions on citizens. One nation, Norway, fits the two narratives. Despite the best endeavors of the Norwegian government to monopolize gambling lately, its residents are allowed to use online casinos as well as play bingo online without fear of consequences. Under Norwegian law, only state-possessed Norsk Tipping and industry-run Norsk Rikstoto are permitted to offer gambling administrations. Business managers will offer Norwegian best casino bonuses to apply for consent to offer confined gambling exercises yet aren't qualified for a full gaming permit. Norway has a history marked by restrictions over its gambling industry. Most exercises are reserved for the state-possessed Norsk tipping. The government did in principle hold the idea of the possibility of potentially opening up their market to worldwide casinos, yet that didn't happen. Norway has, throughout the years, kept up a stranglehold on the local online betting business. In an ongoing unforeseen development, Norway's gambling supervisor has requested every single local bank to stop the progression of money from them for what they term as unapproved online gambling casinos.

Renewed Discrimination Laws

From this perspective, Norway is ahead of a majority of the countries in the world with regard to gender equality and gender equality laws. In 2016, it was the main nation in the world to have a devoted Gender Equality Ombud, which gives you a glimpse of the groundbreaking nature of the nation's equality attitude.

After twelve years, in 2018, the Equality and Anti-Discrimination Act was presented. It substituted the four past correspondence acts and presumably won't be the last time Norway changes their gender equality laws to fit the ever-changing norms. The point of the most recent Act is to advance equity, guarantee equal chances and rights, and forestall separation dependent on ethnicity, national beginning, plummet, skin tone, language, religion, or belief.

Norwegian Women In Power

The head of government in Norway is a woman and one can say that this is a very prominent role. Erna Solberg is the current Prime Minister of the nation, a position she has held since 2013. Solberg is just Norway's subsequent female Prime Minister. The main female Prime Minister was Gro Harlem Brundtland. She was chosen in 1981 and involved a tough situation in three distinct periods. However, notwithstanding the current portrayal of women in political circles, is as yet pitiful in other countries. Also, different genders (except for men) are tremendously underrepresented both in governmental issues and inconspicuous situations in the business world.

Acknowledgment All Genders

The facts demonstrate that sexual orientation equality is most firmly connected with women and women's privileges, however, if we are taking a stab at genuine gender equality and acknowledgment to eradicate destructive practices and division, it's additionally critical to perceive all sexes, including the LGBTQ community. As of late, the acknowledgment of other sexual orientation personalities has gotten more far-reaching. It implies that the battle for equality on the grounds of sexual orientation ought to likewise consolidate those into the mission for equal rights. They incorporate however are not limited to, transsexual, non-twofold, or genderqueer.

Urbanization In Norway

The world's urban communities keep on undergoing fast growth in population. Most of the world's population currently lives in urban regions. By 2050, that figure would have ascended to 6.5 billion individuals. It is generally expected by specialists that throughout the next 50 years, the world's urban population will encounter altogether a higher pace of development than provincial populations, in this way prompting a move in the rural-urban population proportion. From 2009 to 2019, statistics showed that the level of urbanization in Norway was increasing. In 2019, 82.62% of Norway's total population lived in urban areas and in cities. According to the World Bank collection of development indicators in 2019, only about 17.03% of Norway's population was rural.
5 Min Read
Culture

Black Wall Street: The Story of One Black American Superhero

Like so many millions across the globe, I deeply mourn the loss of one of our greatest real-life superheroes, Chadwick Boseman. To pay tribute and homage to him, my family rewatched his amazing performance in Black Panther. T'Challa was one of Boseman's most important roles both on and off the screen, as his portrayal of the heroic warrior and leader of the people of Wakanda inspired viewers of all ages.

Re-visiting the futuristic city of Wakanda on screen caused me to reflect on how Blacks in America once had our own version of Wakanda: Black Wall Street. Black Wall Street was the name given to the wealthy, thriving, Tulsa, Oklahoma neighborhood of Greenwood in the early 1900s. The nearly 40 square-block neighborhood had more than 300 businesses and over 1,000 homes, including several stately mansions. Like Wakanda, Black people in Greenwood built their own hospitals, schools, theaters, newspapers, churches, and everything needed for their community to flourish.

Tragically, he lost everything he built, as did the entire district of Greenwood, in the largest, government-sanctioned race massacre in U.S. history.

With only 42 years separating the moment Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves and Greenwood's founding, the amazing feat of Blacks building Black Wall Street is something that required supernatural acts of real-life superheroes the likes of which we see onscreen in Black Panther.

One of these real-life superheroes and leaders of Black Wall Street was my great-grandfather A.J. Smitherman, owner and editor of the Tulsa Star. The Tulsa Star was the first daily Black newspaper with national distribution and was a source for Black people to stay informed about issues affecting them throughout the US. A member of the first generation of Blacks born free in the late 1800s, Smitherman attended La Salle and Northwestern Universities. After receiving his law degree, A.J. began his career in community activism, politics, and the newspaper business.

A fearless leader in the Black community not just in Tulsa but throughout the nation, he dedicated his life to empowering his race in all categories of life in every way: morally, economically, physically, and politically. A.J. fiercely and courageously used his newspaper and the power of the press to end a myriad of corrupt operations and develop his community. As one of the most influential founding fathers of Black Wall Street, his contribution and investment in Greenwood was and is immeasurable. Tragically, he lost everything he built, as did the entire district of Greenwood, in the largest, government-sanctioned race massacre in U.S. history.

Unlike Wakanda—the fictional land hidden in the mountains of Africa, mostly invisible to the outside world and protected from foreign threats—Greenwood was exposed. Greenwood was not only visible, but the 11,000 residents and their luxurious lifestyle were a constant reminder to their poor white neighbors across the tracks that Black people had surpassed them in economic empowerment and success. Eventually, the jealousy, greed and contempt for the growing Black economic and political power ignited a horrendously evil act of domestic terrorism by white Tulsans.

A.J. fiercely and courageously used his newspaper and the power of the press to end a myriad of corrupt operations and develop his community.

On May 31st, 1921, thousands systematically looted and burned down Greenwood in a 36 hour-long massacre resulting in the murdering of over 300 Blacks. Thousands more were detained in concentration camps where they remained for months through the freezing Oklahoman winter.

In a recent interview, I was asked what goes through my head when I see the racial unrest taking place today and compare it to what was happening 100 years ago leading up to the Tulsa Massacre. The short answer is that I am incredibly sad. I'm sad for so many reasons. One of the things I am saddest about is knowing that my great-grandfather and great-grandmother sacrificed everything for the betterment and empowerment of their race. And after all of these years, the struggle continues.

I believe that now, more than ever, it is so important to maintain not only our hope but our faith.

A.J. Smitherman's writings in both the Tulsa Star, and thereafter in the Empire Star, a paper he founded later in New York, reveal a man full of hope and ambition to make a difference and contribute to his race and his country as part of the first generation of Blacks born free. He worked tirelessly to this end until the day he died in 1961. Tragically, A.J. died still a fugitive of the state of Oklahoma, having been unjustly indicted by a grand jury for inciting the massacre. This is another point of tremendous pain and grief for me and my family. It is a travesty that he never saw justice in his lifetime, and he furthermore never saw his dream of racial equality.

But perhaps what saddens me most is the fact that I truly believe that in his heart, he still had hope that America was on a path to find its way out of its dark past and into the light of a new dawn. He hoped that the nation would one day become a country where his descendants would no longer be subject to racial hatred, discrimination, and economic disenfranchisement. And I'm certain that he believed the days that Black people would fear being lynched would be long gone by now.

One of the things I am saddest about is knowing that my great-grandfather and great-grandmother sacrificed everything for the betterment and empowerment of their race. And after all of these years, the struggle continues.

I can feel A.J.'s blood in my veins, and I feel a responsibility to carry the torch of the light of hope. I believe that now, more than ever, it is so important to maintain not only our hope but our faith. I'm very grateful for the attention being brought to the legacy of Black Wall Street and A.J. Smitherman. Knowing their story of success and triumph and how it tragically turned to massacre and destruction is vital to insuring history doesn't continue to repeat itself 100 years later.

One thing I know for certain is that building a brighter future will require all of us to summon our own inner superhero, like A.J. Smitherman and Chadwick Boseman before us, and work together to continue to fight for our rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.