There have been many claims made about the health benefits of CBD creating the impression that it is a cure-all for just about any health condition including those of a psychological nature. There has been just as much debate as to the types of health conditions that CBD can actually treat and how effective the treatment is at relieving the symptoms of anxiety and depression due to the lack of scientific evidence that is currently available.
However, a lack of scientific evidence does not necessarily mean that there is no evidence that CBD is beneficial for the treatment of anxiety. Currently, research is being conducted into the effectiveness of CBD for anxiety. This is a slow process as many factors need to be determined over and above the efficacy of the treatment. The dosage, how often the treatment should be used as well as the safety and side effects of the treatment need to be determined before CBD can officially be approved for the treatment of anxiety.
This research is also crucial for another reason. Due to the extensive growth in popularity of CBD over the last decade or so, many producers of CBD have jumped on the band-wagon to make hay while the sun shines. Some of these products are inferior while others may be entirely ineffective leading to the misconception that CBD has little to no benefits for the treatment of anxiety. Once it receives approval, many of these ineffective CBD products will fall by the wayside leaving room for laboratory manufactured pharmaceuticals to take their place and the production of quality CBD products to continue.
But is CBD really effective for treating anxiety and what is the science behind how it works?
CBD acts on the endocannabinoid system in the human body. This system has two main functions - regulating homeostasis and the immune system as well as regulation of brain activity and the central nervous system. There are two types of receptors that make up the endocannabinoid system - CB-1 and CB-2 receptors. These receptors are present on every cell in the human body. Cells in the brain and the CNS contain primarily CB-1 receptors whereas as cells in the rest of the body contain primarily CB-2 receptors with the exception of cells in the immune system that contain both.
CBD or cannabidiol causes these receptors to fire. In the case of the CB-1 receptors, this affects the way that the neurons in the brain fire electro-chemical signals. When these neurons fire, how often they fire and what causes them to fire are all regulated by the endocannabinoid system. Overactive neurons in certain areas of the brain may be responsible for creating an anxious state or acute anxiety. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating neurons and may therefore act to reduce or increase activity where necessary in order to provide balance.
Promising studies have produced results that propose that CBD effectively decreased performance anxiety and improved speech performance in patients suffering with social anxiety. In 2015, supporting literature was released into the benefits of CBD for other types anxiety including PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder, OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder as well as generalized anxiety disorder.
Perhaps the best evidence produced to date is the use of the StrainPrint App to enable cannabis users to track and monitor the effects on anxiety. 58% of participants reported a noticeable decrease in anxiety and 50% a reduction in anxiety-related depression.
However, it is important to note that these studies and research were conducted into the effects of cannabis on anxiety and its symptoms and not CBD which is a component of cannabis. It has been found that cannabis (or marijuana) has both anxiety inducing and anxiety reducing properties. This means that it can either aggravate anxiety or reduce it. Further studies into this phenomenon revealed that it is the THC in cannabis that has the inducing effects thereby increasing anxiety whereas as CBD reduced anxiety and its related symptoms.
There is also the issue of delivery that needs to be addressed in the effectiveness of CBD in treating anxiety. There are a wide range of different delivery methods each which have their own benefits to treat a specific type of health condition. Inhalants like smoking cannabis, vaping CBD or using prays that have become available on the market provide a delivery system that provides fast and effective results as the CBD is absorbed directly into the bloodstream via the lungs.
CBD edibles including capsules or pills are considered to be the least effective delivery method as much of the benefits are lost through the digestive process and passing through the liver. Topical treatments such as creams or oils that are applied directly to the skin where they are absorbed into the bloodstream are also considered to provide fast and effective results.
While the world awaits the scientific evidence required for CBD to become a registered treatment for anxiety, recent research does seem to provide promising results.
It's good to see that more and more attention is being paid to issues regarding toxicity in the workplace. At the same time, people have started to wise up to the problems related to gender differences and the extra divide that comes from that direction. There has been a lot of research on the topic too, and one particular trend has started to materialize lately: it's becoming more and more clear that some men in high positions of authority have a tendency to let that power go to their heads, and they subsequently end up undermining the performance of their entire operations and let their businesses run into red.
Toxicity at the Workplace Can Happen at All Levels
Toxic behavior is not limited to low-ranking employees, rather it is quite on the contrary. Research from the Harvard Business Review, has shown that men, of a CEO position, tend to be more prone to developing and displaying such behavior. There have been instances of overconfidence from higher-ups resulting in the ruin of entire organizations, as shown by the latest research from Company Rescue which tell us that UK SMEs with men on the board are more likely to go bust. So how do we resolve this issue?
It's Not an Easy Problem to Tackle
It's a very complicated problem to address in the first place because it spans across multiple areas of the organization and requires a good approach to all of them. It's important to have good communication with the company's leadership, ensure that there are adequate channels for voicing concerns, and even then, you'll still have to deal with the problem that overconfident people tend to have issues with being confronted in the first place.
Don't be surprised if your feedback falls on deaf ears – it's an expected part of doing this. Be prepared to take some harsh measures as well. If you realize that the company is beyond saving, talk to insolvency practitioners, such as Company Rescue, to ensure that you have a smooth exit. They can give expert advice to guide you through the process.
Identifying Problematic Patterns
It's a good idea for an organization to know how to identify these patterns before they turn detrimental. From doing this, the toxic behavior can be addressed at its root instead of letting it fester. Ensure that employees have some way of reporting issues on this front. For example, if women have a problem tied to gender imbalance. Whenever an issue is identified, make sure to act on it as fast as possible. In this scenario, perhaps hiring more women could help?
All in all, overconfidence in the workplace rarely leads to anything productive. Dealing with it requires a determined approach and you must be prepared to face some resistance along the way. To maximise your company's chance of survival in the long run, ensure to pay attention to these issues and resolve them as soon as possible.